Emilio Aguinaldo under American and Japanese rule submission for independence
Some historians are skeptical of Emilio Aguinaldo’s heroism after his role in the Philippine revolution against Spain and the Philippine–American War in large part because of his apparent collaboration with the Americans and the Japanese. Actually little is known about events in Aguinaldo’s life aft...
|Published in:||Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints Vol. 63, no. 2 (Jun. 2015), 161-192|