Mountains and sea case studies in coastal, riverine, and upland archaeology of Ilocos Sur

"This book is a preliminary attempt to present a history of Ilocos Sur through the lens of historical archaeology. The raw archaeological data analyzed in this book was the product of two seasons of archaeological surveys and excavations conducted in 2011 and 2012 through the support of the Pro...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Canilao, Michael Armand P. (Author)
Resource Type: Book
Published: Manila University of Santo Tomas Publishing House [2015]
Table of Contents:
  • Part 1 (coastal) : Sapilang archaeological site : Sinait, Ilocus Sur
  • Site location
  • Site background
  • Physiography/geology of the site
  • Pre-excavation activities
  • The excavation of Calanutian
  • The problem
  • The conjunctive approach of archaeology and ethnohistory
  • Population pressures
  • Where have all those coastal people gone to, and why?
  • Shared kinship
  • Why the early ethnographies?
  • Ethnohistory of the Tingguians/Itnegs
  • Francisco Colin's Native Races and their Customs (1663)
  • Paul Proust de la Gironiere's twenty years in the Philippines (1854)
  • Manuel Buzeta's Diccionario Geografico, Estadistico, Historico, de las Islas Filipinas (1850-51)
  • Isabelo delos Reyes' The Tingguian from Filipinas-Articulos varios... sobre etnografia, historia y costumbres del pais (1887)
  • Dean Worcester's The Non Christian Tribes of Northern Luzon (1906)
  • Fay-Cooper Cole's Distribution of the Non-Christian Tribes of Northwestern Luzon (1909)
  • Artifacts of Calanutian
  • Discussion
  • Ilocano identity
  • Cultural drift or selective merging
  • Divide and rule
  • Ballad of a Lost Brother
  • Biag ni Lam-ang
  • Distancing and disclaiming relatedness
  • Return trip to the coasts
  • Continuing story
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Part 2 (mountains) : Patiacan, Apaya, and Danac sites : Quirino, Alilem and Sugpon, Ilocos Sur
  • Site location
  • The old and the new, processualist and cultural-historical archaeology
  • The Patiacan tradition
  • Stylistic similarities to the Patiacan tradition
  • The Apaya tradition
  • Stylistic similarities to the Apaya tradition
  • The Danac tradition
  • Discussion
  • Dating the coffins
  • Variable provincial boundaries
  • The Bago tribe formative century
  • Mortuary archaeology, corporate to network strategy
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Part 3 (riverine) : Pandan archaeological site : Caoayan, Ilocos Sur
  • Introduction
  • Pandan Biray
  • Traditional Biray construction
  • Biray seafaring tradition
  • Sailing conditions
  • Political milieu
  • Economic milieu
  • The Biray across the seas
  • Note.